Monday, May 20, 2013


Enalapril (Envas)  is an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor used in the treatment of hypertension and some types of chronic heart failure. ACE converts the peptide hormone angiotensin I to angiotensin II. One of the actions of angiotensin II is the vasoconstriction of blood vessels resulting in an increase in blood pressure. ACE inhibitors such as enalapril prevent this effect. Enalapril has been shown to lower the death rate in systolic heart failure. Enalapril was the first member of the group known as the dicarboxylate-containing ACE inhibitors.

Enalapril is an ACE inhibitor. ACE stands for angiotensin converting enzyme.

Enalapril is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) and congestive heart failure.

Enalapril is also used to treat a disorder of the ventricles (the lower chambers of the heart that allow blood to flow out of the heart). This disorder can decrease the heart's ability to pump blood to the bod

chemically described as (S)-1-[N-[1-(ethoxycarbonyl)-3-phenylpropyl]-L-alanyl]-L-proline, (Z)-2-butenedioate salt (1:1). Its empirical formula is C20H28N2O5•C4H4O4, and its structural formula is:

Enalapril Dosing Information

Usual Adult Dose for Diabetic Nephropathy:
Initial dose (oral): 5 mg orally once a day.
Maintenance dose (oral): 10 to 40 mg orally per day in 1 to 2 divided doses.
Intravenous: 1.25 to 5 mg every 6 hours.

Usual Adult Dose for Hypertension:
Initial dose (oral): 5 mg orally once a day.
Maintenance dose (oral): 10 to 40 mg orally per day in 1 to 2 divided doses.
Intravenous: 1.25 to 5 mg every 6 hours.

Usual Adult Dose for Hypertensive Emergency:
Initial dose (oral): 5 mg orally once a day.
Maintenance dose (oral): 10 to 40 mg orally per day in 1 to 2 divided doses.
Intravenous: 1.25 to 5 mg every 6 hours.

Usual Adult Dose for Congestive Heart Failure:
Initial dose (oral): 2.5 mg orally once a day.
Maintenance dose (oral): 2.5 to 20 mg orally twice a day.
Doses should be titrated upward, as tolerated, over a period of a few days or weeks.
The maximum daily dose is 40 mg in divided doses.
Intravenous: 1.25 to 5 mg every 6 hours.

Usual Adult Dose for Left Ventricular Dysfunction:
Initial dose (oral): 2.5 mg orally twice a day.
Maintenance dose (oral): 20 mg orally in divided doses.
If possible, the dose of any concomitant diuretic should be reduced which may diminish the likelihood of hypotension.
Intravenous: 1.25 to 5 mg every 6 hours.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Hypertension:
Children 1 month to 17 years: Initial: 0.08 mg/kg/day (up to 5 mg) in 1 to 2 divided doses. Adjust dosage based on patient response.
Doses greater than 0.58 mg/kg (40 mg) have not been evaluated in pediatric patients


Do not use enalapril if you are pregnant. Stop using and tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant.

You should not use enalapril if you have ever had angioedema.

If you have diabetes or kidney disease, you may not be able to take enalapril if you are taking medication that contains aliskiren. Tell your doctor about all medicines you use.

Enalapril can cause kidney problems. Call your doctor at once if you have swelling, rapid weight gain, little or no urinating, or if you feel short of breath.

Enalapril can affect your heart or your electrolyte levels. Call your doctor if you have chest pain, pounding heartbeats or fluttering in your chest, a slow heart rate or weak pulse, a tingly feeling, muscle weakness, or muscle tightness or contraction.

Before taking enalapril

You should not use enalapril if you have ever had angioedema, or if you are allergic to enalapril or to any other ACE inhibitor (benazepril, captopril, fosinopril, lisinopril, moexipril, perindopril, quinapril, ramipril, trandolapril).

To make sure enalapril is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:

kidney disease (or if you are on dialysis);
liver disease;
heart disease or congestive heart failure (unless you are taking enalapril for this condition);
diabetes; or
a history of blood clot or stroke (including "mini-stroke").
FDA pregnancy category D. Do not use enalapril if you are pregnant. Stop using this medication and tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant. Enalapril can cause injury or death to the unborn baby if you take the medicine during your second or third trimester. Use effective birth control while taking this medication.

Tuesday, May 14, 2013

Home Remedy for Hair Fall

Home Remedies For Acne Treatment

Acne is a common ailment that bothers teenagers. Typically called pimples, acne is mostly seen on face but can also occur on other parts of the body such as on the neck, back and even shoulders. Its full form is Acne Vulgaris. Sebum produced by the sebaceous glad keeps the skin and the hair on it moist. During adolescence the sebaceous glands get enlarged and they produce excess sebum which encourage fungal growth and is the prime cause of acne.

 Easy Natural Acne Treatments & Home Cure

1.Acne treatment using vitamin – vitamin A as well as Niacin is very effective in the treatment of Acne. Foods that are rich in such vitamins and niacin are very good for acne treatment. Spinach, broccoli, , celery, asparagus, mushrooms are some of the chief sources of niacin. Liver with pepper, lemon juice and olive oil can be used as bread spread for sandwich.
2.Using zinc for Acne treatment – Treatment of Acne using Zinc is the latest of the treatments although results might vary from person to person. Wheat germ, cashew nuts pecan nuts and pine nuts crushed in a grinder and sprinkled on a salad is a very effective source of zinc.
3.Orange Peel is also a good remedy for Acne treatment – Crushed orange peel with water base applied on acne is effective. Face scrub made of orange peels and gram flour is also effective.
4.Lemon juice in Acne treatment – Lemon juice applied regularly on acne reduces it effectively. The Vitamin C in it does the trick. Lemon juice mixed with same amount of mint will also reduce inflammation.
5.Garlic as medicine for Acne – one of the best medicines for acne is garlic. Garlic rubbed on the acne more than once in a day clears the rigid of the acne problems. Three pods of raw garlic eaten once a day regularly for a month cleanses the blood of all its impurities and thus help reduce and prevent acne problems. Garlic juice mixed with yogurt can also be applied. Allicin the natural antibiotic in garlic does the trick. Yogurt again contains a number of vitamins and fatty acids that helps the skin to maintain moisture but without making it oily.
6.Coriander and Mint used together is good for Acne treatment – Coriander juice to which a pinch of turmeric is added is a very effective home remedy for acne. It should be applied at night after washing the face thoroughly. It must be kept overnight.
7.Fenugreek paste – A paste of the fenugreek leaves when applied on the acne and left over night and then washed away with warm water in the morning not only prevents acne but blackheads too.
8.Cucumber as home remedy – Cucumber applied to the face in a grated form and left for twenty minutes and then washed of has been found to be a good home remedy for acne.
An effective face pack for acne treatment - A face pack using fuller’s earth and a little portion of apple cider vinegar should be made. This paste when applied on the face is very effective remedy. If steam is applied to the face before application it is more helpful.
9.Hot water Enema – Enema taken daily with hot water helps cleanse bowel and detoxify body and in the process helps reduce acne.
10.Epsom salt – A bath in hot water to which Epsom salt is added twice a week is effective in acne treatment. The patient should be in the bath tub for at least half an hour and then allow the body to cool gradually.
11.Using oils having anti fungal properties – Oils such as the clove oil, oil from oregano, the tea tree oil have all anti fungal properties. When applied on the skin they combat bacterial infection and thus reduce acne.
12.Honey and oatmeal - Honey and oatmeal combination as breakfast cereal is again a very effective anti acne treatment.
13.A mixture of turmeric and sandalwood powder in a little water base when applied to the affected area clears acne effectively.
14.One teaspoon full of cinnamon powder mixed with three tablespoons full of honey and applied over acne overnight and thereafter washed with warm water is very effective. Two weeks of treatment permanently removes and clears acne.
15.Paste of Nutmeg and unboiled milk applied to the affected area is also good.


Skin of our body can be considered as important as any other vital organ in the human system. The Skin and muscles provide an important shelter to the inner organs which are delicate and need to be protected. Apart from its utility in the body system, skin contributes to a large extent to the outer appearance and the beauty of an individual. Who doesn't want a clean and glowing skin that magnifies the a beauty or attractiveness of a person. A healthy and glowing skin is also the indication of the healthy state of the body. Mentioned here in the article, are a few basic skin care tips that should be kept in mind to have healthy skin and a beautiful appearance.

Regular washing of the skin
This is the very basic and logically obvious method to maintain a good skin that is to keep it clean. You should wash your skin on a daily basis as part of your bath or otherwise with suitable cleaning agents.
It is not necessary always to use expensive and fancy skin care products to be used daily, rather the experts advice that a mild and scentless cleansing agent must be used on a daily basis which will get you rid of the dirt, germs and dead skin accumulated over it. The cleansing soap is preferred to have moisturizing qualities as well.
Deodorant body soaps and antibacterial soaps should not be used for a regular use.

Moisturizing the skin
With our day to day activities and exposure to pollution, Sun and harsh weather conditions like rain etc , our skin tends to lose the much needed miniaturization needed to keep it healthy and breathing.
It is easy to moisturize your skin and is as simple as rubbing the moisturizer after you take bath to the body. Again, there is not need to go after very costly products and you can chose a average priced but good quality solution available in the market for daily use.
If you have oily skin and have concerns due to the same then you can try using the products that don't cause clogging of the pores , they are known as non comedogenic products.

Use Sunscreen for skin protection
We all know the ill effects that the Sun's UV rays can have on our skin. These are the harmful rays that can cause major skin diseases as grave as skin cancer. It is recommended by the dermatologists to use Sun screens to effectively protect the skin against these hazardous effects.
Dermatologists suggest that whatever be the weather condition, be it rainy, sunny or even during snowfall we should ensure the use sun protection. The UV rays are present in abundance in the environment and are often reflected by these agents on to our skin. This exposure to UV rays for a long time may cause skin diseases like wrinkles, moles and discoloration.
Use Skin care products of a trusted brand which provides UVA and UVB level of protection and is SPF 15 or more.

Skin Care for Acne Prone skin
If you are prone to acne breakouts, then you need to handle the cleansing differently and with greater care.
Use cleanser products specially formulated for acne affected skin conditions. These products generally have an agent named as benzyl peroxide which is helpful in cleaning the soars caused due to acne.
You have to be gentle in cleaning your skin as being rough may cause burst those acne breakouts aggravating the problem. Use only non-comedogenic moisturizers.


Among the things you will find out are:

1. What causes dry skin.

2. How to prevent dry skin.

3. How to manage dry skin.

You will be given important "Skin Tips," and you will learn how to care for your skin from the inside out. You will learn about Stevens Skin Softener Cream and how it can help you manage your dry skin problem, and you will find out different ways you can qualify to get your Stevens Cream "FREE!".

But first, here are many Skin Care Tips from A to Z
I trust you will find them helpful...

Aging Skin

The thickened skin texture associated with middle age is caused by cellular build up. It responds very well to
mild, abrasive daily cleansing with beauty grains such
as finely ground corn meal, ground sun flowers or almonds. Massage gently to cleanse and stimulate.

Beautiful Skin

To make or keep your skin beautiful, it's best to work from the inside.

Eating the right kind of food can do you more good than any medicine, and go a long way in helping your body's own healing forces. Eat a balanced diet that includes raw foods, plenty of yellow and orange vegetables (they contain beta carotene - a precursor to vitamin A). Foods high in sulfur such as garlic, onions, asparagus and eggs. Include fruits, seeds, grains and nuts.

Dry Skin

Blend together one ounce safflower oil, one ounce
avocado oil and two ounces of sesame oil. Apply this to your dry skin areas.

Facial Mask

An excellent facial mask can be made with stewed and mashed apricots. Apply to your freshly cleaned face and leave for 20 minutes or longer. Rinse away with warm water, and blot dry. One application will help sallow, dead skin tones, but applying this 3 or 4 times a week will do wonders.

Tea Tree Oil for Fungal Infection

If you suffer from fungal infections of the nail, the most effective natural anti fungal is tea tree oil. Apply to the nails and surrounding skin twice daily, in the morning and at bedtime

Using Honey Treatments

Honey applied under a dry dressing every two or thee days promotes rapid healing of ulcers and burns.

Itchy Skin

Try the following. A compress made with skim milk or powdered milk or soak the affected area in a colloidal bath made with oatmeal, corn- starch or baking soda.

Homemade Skin Lotion

The following body lotion is easy to make, and can be used after bathing. Mix one teaspoonful of honey, one teaspoon of lemon juice and a half cup of water. Massage into your skin after bathing.

Mayonnaise for Dry Facial

If you have a tendency towards dry facial skin, a gentle daily massage with mayonnaise will do wonders. You can use lemon juice, egg and safflower or other such oil to make your own dry skin lotion.

Oily Skin

Here is a cleansing stimulating facial treatment that is very helpful for those with oily skin. Mash together the pulp of one garden ripe tomato and enough fuller's earth (should find it at most pharmacies) to make a smooth paste. Rub it into your skin and leave it on until it dries completely (note: do not apply to eye area). Rinse with warm water, then splash your face with cold water. Blot dry.

Treating Large Pores

If you have large pores that resemble little holes on your skin, the following steps may be helpful. Stop using commercial products on your skin. Instead, use homemade skin cleansers. Splash warm water onto your face and pour half a handful of stone-ground cornmeal into your wet palm. Massage the moistened meal into your entire face area, adding water as needed. Another homemade cleanser can be made by adding a few drops of lemon or lime juice or apple cider vinegar to milk (use powdered skim milk if your skin is oily).

Soak yarrow (check health food stores or botanical supply stores for this herb) in water overnight, and apply this astringent several times a day - less frequently if your skin is dry.

Avoid all creams. Use an unsaturated vegetable oil if you need to (e.g. vitamin E oil).


Whether it's diaper rash, chicken pox, measles, insect bites or hives, corn starch can provide relief. For measles and chicken pox, bathe in a tub of water to which a large handful of cornstarch has been added. For the other rashes rub the cornstarch on as a powder.

Softening your skin

Avocado oil used regularly is an excellent skin softener. It is rich in vitamins and minerals, especially the skin vitamins A, C and E.


Many teenagers have to deal with embarrassing skin problems. taking supplements of zinc and Vitamin A will go a long way in helping them relieve these problems.

Leg Ulcers

Leg ulcers are more likely to develop in persons with poor circulation, thrombophlebitis and/or varicose veins. To speed healing, apply vitamin E oil to the sore and bandage it lightly with a sterile gauze pad. Change the bandage daily until the sore is healed.

Vitamins and Your Skin

Vitamins are essential to the health of your skin, especially vitamins A, B, C and E. Vitamin E is especially helpful to improve your complexion when applied externally.

Winter Care

The air inside your house can get very dry in the winter. This will play a major part in aggravating your dry skin condition. To add humidity to the dry air in your house, put a little extra water in the kettle when you're boiling water. Leave the kettle on the burner as it cools. It will continue to steam for 10 to 15 minutes, making your life a whole lot more comfortable.

Zinc for Acne

Not enough zinc, caused by a diet high in refined carbohydrates may be the chief cause of acne. Zinc is necessary for processing carbohydrates, but it is removed when cane is refined into white sugar, and wheat is refined into white flour. Eat more foods rich in zinc, including soybeans, whole grains, sunflower seeds, and a small amount of raw nuts daily. Zinc also has antibacterial activity, and is a necessary element in the oil-producing glands of the skin.

Sunday, May 12, 2013


Avoid These Dry Skin Mistakes Today

Your Skin is the largest organ "on" your body. In fact, that is the first thing people notice about you. That is why, from time immemorial, the care of the skin has been the preoccupation of many.

Your skin is 70% water, and many skin problems are associated with dry skin. That is why many skin preparations are made, using the concept of preventing moisture from leaving the skin. They therefore use occlusive agents, that is ingredients that clog your pores, thus theoretically sealing moisture in.

There is a problem with this approach however, and I'll explain shortly, but first...

Let's Learn About Your Skin. How it is Made, and How it Actually Works.

Your skin consists of two distinct layers: The outer layer, the epidermis, consists of dry mature cells and forms the protective layer. The inner layer or dermis consists of collagen. This gives the skin strength and flexibility. The dermis also contains the sweat glands, nerves, blood capillaries hair follicles and sebaceous glands.

Your skin is an important, vital, living, dynamic organ without which you could not survive. Among its many functions, it regulates your body temperature, and through its more than 2,000,000 sweat pores, is an organ of excretion. Your skin should also be allowed to breathe.

With this background, it's easy to understand why the following ingredients do NOT belong on your skin:

Mineral Oil A mixture of refined liquid hydrocarbons derived from petroleum. Mineral oil is the stabilizing ingredient of many skin care products. Mineral oil forms an occlusive film on your skin, blocking your pores, and interfering with normal skin respiration. It may, therefore, not only harm your skin but be a contributing cause of blemishes.
(Petrolatum) Petroleum products such as Vaseline, etc., do not penetrate your skin, but sit on the surface blocking natural respiration, excretion, and absorption of other nutrients. It is also an occlusive agent, and should be avoided.
Lanolin Derived from sheep wool, Lanolin is a common lubricating ingredient in many cosmetics and creams. In addition t being occlusive, it has been proven to cause allergic reactions in skin of sensitive people.
Solvent Solvent alcohols in the form of propyl of isopropyp are drying to your skin
Collagen This animal product is added to cosmetics as a moisturizing agent. The molecules are too large to penetrate your skin. They therefore clog your pores, and in some cases cause allergic reactions.
Here's an interesting exercise. Check your skin care products now and see how many of them have one or more or the above offending products. You may be surprised.

    Other ingredients to avoid are:
Artificial Colors Known to cause allergic reactions in some people.
ARTIFICIAL FRAGRANCES Known to create allergic skin reactions and photosensitivity in some people.
The jury is still out on such chemicals as Retin A, Retinol, and Alpha Hydroxy Acids. A prudent approach is to avoid their use, especially now that something better safer, and more in tune with your skin's normal physiology, is available.

Stevens Skin Softener Cream...a New Approach to Skin Care

Rather than using occlusive agents that clog your pores to prevent moisture from leaving your skin, Stevens Skin Softener Cream is designed to put moisture into your skin.

For this it uses Jojoba oil, Apricot kernel oil, Almond oil, Purcelin oil, Avocado oil and Squalene. Not only do these natural oils take moisture deep into your skin, but Jojoba, Avocado and Almond oils have the same consistency and molecular structure as sebum, your skin's own natural lubricating oil. They therefore also serve to lubricate your skin.

Why is this so important to you?

You see, your skin is 70% water. Sebum, your skin's own natural lubricating oil, functions to lubricate your skin and prevent it from drying out. This natural protection breaks down with many skin problems, and also as you get older. Women especially, experience an estimated 32% reduction per decade in sebum production, after age 20. Do you understand now why everything you have tried for your dry skin has not worked, and why Stevens Skin Softener Cream will? Try It!!!


Eating disorders affect millions of teens and young adults around the world. They're most common in cultures that focus on weight and body image and can affect people of all races and ethnic backgrounds. Extreme focus on appearance often leads to poor body image and unhealthy eating behaviors, which can turn into eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia, binge eating disorder, or a category called eating disorders not otherwise specified (ED-NOS). Eating disorders have serious health consequences and require treatment. Recovery is likely with the help of specially trained health care providers and a supportive family. We hope this guide will help you understand eating disorders, the different kinds of treatment, and the recovery process.

What are eating disorders?
Eating disorders are complicated medical and psychological conditions that affect a person's physical and emotional health and involve intense emotions and behaviors around food. Eating disorders are very dangerous illnesses and can lead to permanent consequences if left untreated.

The four types of eating disorders are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS).
Anorexia (pronounced: an-or -rex-e-ah) involves food restriction (limiting or not having certain foods or food groups). People with anorexia drastically limit their food intake and have an intense fear of gaining weight, even though they may be underweight or they are losing a lot of weight
Bulimia (pronounced: bull-e-me-ah) involves cycles of binge eating followed by a purging behavior. People with bulimia will eat an unusually large amount of food in a short period of time and then purge by vomiting, using laxatives, enemas, diuretics, or by exercising excessively as a way to avoid gaining weight.
Binge eating disorder involves eating an unusually large amount of food in a short period of time and feeling a loss of control during this episode. Binge eaters do not purge afterwards, but often feel a lot of shame or guilt about their binge eating.
Eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) involves some combination of symptoms of the other eating disorders such as an intense fear of weight gain and a preoccupation with food (thinking about food or having food related thoughts most of the day). Many people with EDNOS have symptoms of the other eating disorders, but may not meet the exact criteria, and therefore are diagnosed with EDNOS.
Disordered eating is a term used to describe when someone doesn't have all the symptoms of an eating disorder, but their eating patterns and behaviors put them at risk for developing an eating disorder. For example, anorexia can start when dieting becomes too extreme; binge eating disorder or bulimia can start because dieting often restricts the amount and types of food, so when a diet is broken, it can lead to uncontrollable eating and loss of control around food.

Prevalence rates, or how often eating disorders occur varies with each disorder. While anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are fairly rare, binge eating disorder and EDNOS are slightly more common. A study done in 2011 estimated that 0.3% of Americans between the ages of 13-18 suffer from anorexia, 0.9% from bulimia, and 1.6% from binge eating disorder (Swanson et al. 2011). Estimates of EDNOS differ from study to study, but may be as high as 15%.

Nutrition & Fitness

Learn about eating disorders, sports nutrition, vitamins and minerals, healthy eating, and fun ways to stay in shape.

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